For more information, please review our Appeal Guide.
Planning appeals will be processed depending on the type of appeal filed and the legislation in effect on the date it was filed.
The Ontario Land Tribunal (OLT) is currently processing Planning Act matters for major appeals (official plans or zoning by-laws) under several legislative systems that direct the Tribunal to apply different practices and procedures.
The OLT will notify all parties to clarify which process their appeal falls under. For specific case information, parties may contact their assigned case coordinator (available on our “E-Status” page).
Appeal Process 1: Legacy Appeals
- Appeal Process 1 applies to appeals filed under the Planning Act before the amendments introduced on April 3, 2018.
- These appeals may be subject to the Ontario Municipal Board Act as it read before April 3, 2018, or the Local Planning Appeal Tribunal Act depending on the section of the Planning Act the appeal was filed under.
Appeal Process 2: Bill 139 Appeals
- Appeal Process 2 applies to appeals filed under the Planning Act and Local Planning Appeal Tribunal Act as they read on September 2, 2019.
Appeal Process 3: Bill 139 Hybrid Appeals
- Appeal Process 3 applies to appeals which are subject to amendments to the Local Planning Appeal Tribunal Act (LPATA), 2017 (O. Reg 382/19), effective November 15, 2019.
- Certain third-party zoning by-law and official plan amendment appeals are subject to the Bill 139 administrative process but have opportunities to provide expanded appeal reasons introduced by Bill 108.
Appeal Process 4: Bill 245 Appeals
- Appeal Process 4 applies to all appeals that do not fall under the specific transition circumstances of Appeal Processes 1-3.
- Appeals filed under the Planning Act and Local Planning Appeal Tribunal Act, 2017, as amended by Bill 108 effective September 3, 2019, or under the Planning Act and Ontario Land Tribunal Act effective June 1, 2021 will follow Appeal Process 4.
- Many of the practices and procedures for Planning Act appeals that were in effect before the changes introduced in Bill 139 were restored by Bill 108 and continued under Bill 245.
- Some important differences between the legacy appeals and Bill 245 frameworks include participatory rights of non-parties.
Any documents you submit to the OLT may be provided to the public on request, subject to limited exceptions.
Please refer to the OLT Appeal Guide to better understand the appeals process for your specific appeal.