As of June 1, 2021, the Local Planning Appeal Tribunal, Environmental Review Tribunal, Board of Negotiation, Conservation Review Board and the Mining and Lands Tribunal were merged into a new single tribunal called the “Ontario Land Tribunal”. Please note that new forms are available on our "Forms" page. We are continuing to update our site to reflect the new Tribunal. Thank you for your patience.

Frequently Asked Questions

For more information, please review our Appeal Guide.

General Information

How to File an Appeal/Application

An Appeal in My Neighbourhood

General Information

What is the role of the OLT?

The Ontario Land Tribunal (OLT) is established by the Ontario Land Tribunal Act, 2021. The OLT hears applications and appeals under different provincial environmental legislation including:

How to File an Appeal/Application

How do I file an appeal/application to the OLT?

Depending on the appeal/application type, you may have to file directly to the OLT or with another government office. Please check your documents carefully to ensure that you file your appeal/application with the correct office. When filing directly with the OLT, please file your appeal/application by using the OLT appeal form. When filing your appeal/application, please ensure that you provide all the information that is required. You should refer to the document you wish to appeal, and you can visit the OLT website and review the Appeal Guide to learn what must accompany your appeal/application.

What are the appeal/application deadlines?

The deadlines depend on the type of appeal/application. Please carefully review the document that you wish to appeal for information regarding the appeal deadline.

Do I have to hire a lawyer to appear before the OLT?

You can represent yourself at a hearing or you can have someone else represent you. If you choose a representative, then you must give him/her signed written authorization. A representative, who can be either a lawyer or non-lawyer, must be authorized under the Law Society Act, that is, must be licensed or exempt under the Act or by-laws. There is an exemption that allows for persons who are not in the business of providing legal services to occasionally provide assistance to a friend or relative for no fee. For information on licensing and exemptions please refer to the Law Society of Ontario’s website.

How much does it cost to file an appeal?

Appeal fees to the OLT depends on the type of decision you are appealing. Some appeals, for example, under the Planning Act, require a fee. Other appeals, such as appeals under the Environmental Protection Act, do not require a fee. For more information, please consult the OLT’s fee chart

An Appeal in My Neighbourhood

Can I attend a hearing about a matter in my neighbourhood?

OLT hearings are open to the public unless ordered otherwise by the Tribunal.

Can I participate in an OLT hearing even if I don’t appeal?

A person or group may want to take an active part in the hearing process. If you are not an appellant or a recognized party (e.g., an applicant, Ministry of the Environment Conservation and Parks, or approval holder), you will have to ask the OLT to participate in the hearing process.

If you are interested in participating in a matter before the OLT, please complete the Participant Status Request Form available on our new “Forms” page. Please provide a copy to the OLT and the parties at least 10 days before the first hearing event.

If the OLT allows your request to participate, you may make written submissions explaining your position and reasons on the issues in the proceeding.

You may also attend and observe the hearing without taking an active role.

For more information regarding the difference between the role of a party and a participant, please review the OLT’s Rules of Practice and Procedure.

What is the purpose of a case management conference (CMC)?

The OLT may direct the parties to a proceeding to participate in a case management conference (CMC) prior to a hearing, for the following purposes:

  • To identify additional parties to the proceeding.
  • To identify, define or narrow the issues raised in the proceeding.
  • To identify facts or evidence that may be agreed on by the parties.
  • To provide directions for disclosure of information.
  • To discuss opportunities for resolving one or more issues in the proceeding, including the possible use of mediation or other dispute resolution processes.
  • To establish dates by which any steps in the proceeding are to be taken or begun.
  • To determine the length and schedule of a hearing, if any, and the manner of conducting it.
  • To determine the order of presentation of submissions.
  • To deal with any other matter that may assist in the fair, just and expeditious resolution of the issues.

Where are hearings located?

Hearings may be held either in-person or virtually via videoconference. In-person hearings for environment cases at the OLT are typically held as close as possible to the subject site. The parties may agree to hold the hearing in another location or at the OLT offices in Toronto.

Are site visits part of the OLT hearing process?

In some cases, the Member(s) may visit the subject site of the appeal. For more information refer to OLT’s Rules of Practice and Procedure.

How can I get a copy of a decision?

All parties and participants receive a copy of the decision in their case. Decisions are also on the OLT’s website, as well as legal publishers accessible by the public – CanLII, Carswell, and Quicklaw

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