As of June 1, 2021, the Local Planning Appeal Tribunal, Environmental Review Tribunal, Board of Negotiation, Conservation Review Board and the Mining and Lands Tribunal were merged into a new single tribunal called the “Ontario Land Tribunal”. Please note that new forms are available on our "Forms" page. We are continuing to update our site to reflect the new Tribunal. Thank you for your patience.

Frequently Asked Questions

For more information, please review our Appeal Guide. 

Expropriation Process

Mediation Process


Expropriation Process

What is expropriation?

If privately owned land is needed for public projects such as the building of roads, highways or schools, the land can be taken by a public authority such as a municipality, school board or the Province. The authority must offer the owner a fair amount of money for their land.

What can I do if my land has been expropriated? Can the OLT stop my land from being expropriated?

The Ontario Land Tribunal (OLT) can only be involved after the land is expropriated. In Ontario, the Expropriations Act is the law that governs expropriation. An authority must follow a set process to take land from an owner, including offering fair compensation.

If you, as the landowner, do not agree with the amount of money that the authority offers, you can request a mediation with the OLT. The OLT will try to help negotiate a settlement between you and the authority.

Mediation Process

How do I request mediation from the OLT?

For information on requesting mediation, please see our “Requesting a Mediation” page.

Who is involved in mediation?

The expropriating authority and the owner are usually the only parties involved in an OLT matter. In most cases, the expropriating authority is a municipality, regional authority or a ministry of the Ontario government.

What happens at the mediation?

At the mediation, the parties discuss the dispute over the compensation and the mediators help to negotiate a settlement. After the discussions and the presentation of all the materials, the mediators recommend a solution.

For more information, please see our “Mediation Process” page.

How long does the mediation last?

Mediations usually begin at 9:30 a.m. and may last the full day. If the issues are complicated or there are multiple properties involved, the OLT may hold additional mediations.

Where will the mediation be held?

If the mediation will be held in person and the property is located in the Greater Toronto Area (GTA), the mediation will be held at the OLT’s offices at:

655 Bay Street, Suite 1500
Toronto, ON
M5G 1E5

If the mediation will be held in person and the property is outside of the GTA, the mediation may be held at a local venue. A mediation can also be conducted by video.

Are there alternative ways to hold mediations?

If the mediation is to be held virtually, the videoconferencing platform will be Microsoft Teams.

Is mediation open to the public?

Only parties to a matter can attend OLT mediations. All written materials are confidential.

Do I need a representative?

You do not need a representative to participate in an OLT  mediation. However, if you choose to use a representative, you must give them written permission to represent you.

For information about legal representation, please visit the Law Society of Ontario’s website. 

How do I reschedule my mediation?

If you are a party to an OLT mediation, you may request that the mediation be delayed. This request should be made to the OLT by email and with both parties in agreement to cancellation or postponement.

You should:

  1. Contact the other party and ask for their consent.
  2. Ask the other party for a new mediation date.
  3. Send your request to the OLT.
  4. If it is a postponement request, the OLT will reschedule the mediation with agreed to dates by the parties.

You can send the completed form by:

Does the OLT make decisions?

If you come to the OLT to negotiate a settlement, you will not receive an order or decision. In some cases, the mediators may give you a recommendation on how much your claim is worth, but this is not binding on either party. Recommendations are only given orally at the end of the mediation.

Who negotiates my compensation?

A qualified OLT mediator will guide the mediation.

What are the qualifications of mediators?

Mediators have different backgrounds. They have experience working with real estate, property appraisal, and business loss claims. Many of the mediators also have brokerage experience. The Lieutenant Governor appoints these Members to the OLT. For more information on the appointment process, please visit the Ontario government website.

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