As of June 1, 2021, the Local Planning Appeal Tribunal, Environmental Review Tribunal, Board of Negotiation, Conservation Review Board and the Mining and Lands Tribunal were merged into a new single tribunal called the “Ontario Land Tribunal”. Please note that new forms are available on our "Forms" page. We are continuing to update our site to reflect the new Tribunal. Thank you for your patience.

Bill 245 FAQs

The Ontario government passed the Accelerating Access to Justice Act, 2021, with a proclamation date of June 1, 2021. Through this Act, as of June 1, 2021, the Local Planning Appeal Tribunal, Environmental Review Tribunal, Board of Negotiation, Conservation Review Board and the Mining and Lands Tribunal were merged into a new single tribunal called the Ontario Land Tribunal (OLT).  

We have prepared the FAQs below to explain the impacts of these changes to current and future cases before the Tribunal.  

For more information, please refer to the new Ontario Land Tribunal Rules of Practice and Procedure and our new Appeal Guide. If you have any questions, please contact your Case Coordinator or our Citizen Liaison Office.

Overview

  1. What is the Ontario Land Tribunal?
  2. What happened to the Local Planning Appeal Tribunal/Environmental Review Tribunal/Board of Negotiation/Conservation Review Board/Mining and Lands Tribunal?
  3. Who are the Members of the Ontario Land Tribunal?

Ongoing Matters from the Predecessor Tribunals

  1. What happens to my matter (e.g. an appeal, application or mediation) that was ongoing with a predecessor tribunal?
  2. Will my matter be delayed because of these changes?
  3. What happens to the orders made by a predecessor tribunal in my ongoing matter continued at the Ontario Land Tribunal?
  4. I was previously granted status by a predecessor tribunal in an ongoing matter. Can I still participate in the matter as continued at the Ontario Land Tribunal?

Initiating New Matters at the Ontario Land Tribunal

  1. Are there any changes to the types of matters that the Ontario Land Tribunal can address?
  2. Is there a fee to initiate a matter at the Ontario Land Tribunal?

New Processes/Procedures at the Ontario Land Tribunal

  1. What practices and procedures apply to my matter?
  2. What are the key differences in the practices and procedures at the Ontario Land Tribunal
  3. How can I participate in a matter before the Ontario Land Tribunal?

Overview

1.    What is the Ontario Land Tribunal?

The Ontario Land Tribunal is an independent administrative tribunal that adjudicates or mediates matters related to land use planning, environmental and natural features and heritage protection, land valuation, land compensation, municipal finance and related matters. The Tribunal is established by section 2 of the Ontario Land Tribunal Act, 2021.

2.    What happened to the Local Planning Appeal Tribunal/Environmental Review Tribunal/Board of Negotiation/Conservation Review Board/Mining and Lands Tribunal?

The Local Planning Appeal Tribunal, Environmental Review Tribunal, Board of Negotiation, Conservation Review Board and the Mining and Lands Tribunal were merged into a new single tribunal called the Ontario Land Tribunal following the passing of the Accelerating Access to Justice Act, 2021, which was proclaimed on June 1, 2021. These five Tribunals are referred to as the predecessor tribunals.

The new Ontario Land Tribunal will adjudicate or mediate those matters that would previously have gone to the predecessor tribunals.

3.    Who are the Members of the Ontario Land Tribunal?

The Ontario Land Tribunal’s membership includes a Chair, an Alternate Chair, Vice-Chairs and Members.

All Members of the predecessor tribunals continue as Members of the Ontario Land Tribunal.

The Lieutenant Governor in Council appoints Members to the Ontario Land Tribunal through a competitive, merit-based process. The Public Appointments Secretariat oversees all Ontario government appointments. You can find more details about the appointment process on the Ontario government’s website

Ongoing Matters from the Predecessor Tribunals

4.    What happens to my matter (e.g. an appeal, application or mediation) that was ongoing with a predecessor tribunal?

Any ongoing matters initiated with one of the predecessor tribunals will continue at the Ontario Land Tribunal.

The Ontario Land Tribunal’s powers are set out in the Ontario Land Tribunal Act, 2021 and relevant legislation.

The Ontario Land Tribunal’s Rules of Practice and Procedure set out the practices and procedures to apply to all proceedings before it.

Please take the time to review these new Rules. You may also wish to review our new Appeal Guide for more information. If you have any questions regarding your matter, please contact your Case Coordinator.

5.    Will my matter be delayed because of these changes?

No cases – whether ongoing or new – will be delayed as a result of the changes. The Ontario Land Tribunal is committed to the timely and efficient resolution of all matters.

6.    What happens to the orders made by a predecessor tribunal in my ongoing matter continued at the Ontario Land Tribunal?

Any orders or directions made by a predecessor tribunal continue to apply to the matter as continued at the Ontario Land Tribunal. This means that any requirements as ordered or directed by a predecessor tribunal must still be met by the timelines set out by the predecessor tribunal for an ongoing matter continued at the Ontario Land Tribunal.

7.    I was previously granted status by a predecessor tribunal in an ongoing matter. Can I still participate in the matter as continued at the Ontario Land Tribunal?

Any orders or directions issued by a predecessor tribunal continue to apply to the matter as continued at the Ontario Land Tribunal. This includes an order made by a predecessor tribunal granting status.

However, the presiding Tribunal Member at any subsequent hearing event may vary a previous order if there is good reason to do so. For example, a Tribunal Member may vary a previous order granting status to change a participant’s involvement from oral submissions to written submissions only.

If you have any questions regarding your status, please contact the Case Coordinator assigned to the case.

Initiating New Matters at the Ontario Land Tribunal

8.    Are there any changes to the types of matters that the Ontario Land Tribunal can address?

The Ontario Land Tribunal can hear all of the same types of land use planning, environmental and heritage protection, land valuation, mining and other matters that the predecessor tribunals could previously address. In other words, the same rights of appeal, application, referral or objection before the predecessor tribunals now continue at the Ontario Land Tribunal.

9.    Is there a fee to initiate a matter at the Ontario Land Tribunal?

Please see the Fee Chart for the required fees. Please note there are no retroactive fees. If you filed your matter prior to June 1, 2021, there is no new fee required

New Processes/Procedures at the Ontario Land Tribunal

10. What practices and procedures apply to my matter?

The practices and procedures as set out in the Ontario Land Tribunal Act, 2021 and the Rules of Practice and Procedure apply to all matters continued or initiated at the Ontario Land Tribunal on or after June 1, 2021.

The Ontario Land Tribunal’s powers are set out in the Ontario Land Tribunal Act, 2021 and relevant legislation.

The Ontario Land Tribunal’s Rules of Practice and Procedure set out the practices and procedures to apply to all proceedings before it.

Please take the time to review these new Rules. You may also wish to review our new Appeal Guide for more information. If you have any questions regarding your matter, please contact your Case Coordinator.

11. What are the key differences in the practices and procedures at the Ontario Land Tribunal?

Some of the key differences in the practices and procedures at the Ontario Land Tribunal are as follows:

Rules of Practice and Procedure:

  • The Ontario Land Tribunal has a new set of Rules Practice and Procedure that simplify its practices and procedures. The new Rules are intended to ensure the fair, just, expeditious, and cost-effective resolution of all matters.

Forms:

  • The Ontario Land Tribunal has a new appeal form to be used for initiating a new matter before the Tribunal. Please visit our new “Forms” page for more information.

Changes to former Local Planning Appeal Tribunal processes:

  • The Ontario Land Tribunal will decide whether a case management conference is needed for land use planning matters on a case-by-case basis. A case management conference may be set to help prepare for a hearing, or to explore opportunities for settlement or mediation.

Changes to the processes of the other predecessor tribunals:

  • Participants may only participate in a matter before the Ontario Land Tribunal by way of written submissions.

12. How can I participate in a matter before the Ontario Land Tribunal?

If you are interested in participating in a matter before the Ontario Land Tribunal, please complete the Participant Status Request Form available on our new “Forms” page.  Please provide a copy to the Ontario Land Tribunal and the parties at least 10 days before the first hearing event.

If the Ontario Land Tribunal allows your request to participate, you may make written submissions explaining your position and reasons on the issues in the proceeding.

If you have any questions regarding your request for status, please contact the Case Coordinator assigned to the case.

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